Poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT) and poly(ethylene naphthalene-2,6- dicarboxylate) (PEN) were pyrolysed in a fixed bed reactor in the presence of calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) in order to obtain benzene and naphthalene, respectively. In these experiments different ratios of polymer and Ca(OH)2 were used. Also the temperature was varied in a range between 600 °C and 800°C. It was found that the highest yield of benzene (67%) was obtained at a temperature of 700°C and a molar Ca(OH)2/PBT ratio of 10. The amount of carbon, fixed in the reactor residue after the experiment, was reduced from 56% for pure PBT to 38% under these conditions. Aromatic byproducts were reduced, as well, while the amount of 1,3-butadiene increased. Tetrahydrofuran was just formed under the influence of Ca(OH) 2. For PEN, the optimal conditions were found at a temperature of 600°C and a molar Ca(OH)2/PEN ratio of 5. A naphthalene yield of 80% from PEN was obtained. The rise of the naphthalene yield was caused by a more effective decomposition of the polyester by Ca(OH)2, which led to the reduction of carbon in the reactor residue after the experiment from 59% for pure PEN to 10% under optimised conditions. The part of aromatic byproducts changed just slightly.
|ジャーナル||Polymer Degradation and Stability|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2006 5 1|
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