To investigate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of diabetes mellitus caused by mitochondrial gene mutations in the tRNALeu(UUR) region, a known 'hot spot' for pathogenic mutations, we screened 440 diabetic patients with diabetic mothers for 11 mitochondrial gene mutations reported in mitochondrial neuromuscular disorders; nucleotide pairs (np) 3250, 3251, 3252, 3254, 3256, 3260, 3271, 3291, 3302 and 3303 in addition to an A to G transition at np 3243. The dot-blot hybridization method using 32P-labelled sequence-specific oligonucleotides as probes was used. One subject carrying a T to C transition at np 3271 and seven carrying the A to G transition at np 3243 were identified, while none of the other diabetic patients screened had these mutations in the tRNALeu(UUR) region. The patient with the 3271 mutation, a 39-year-old male, had excellent glycaemic control with diet alone and had neither hearing impairment nor symptoms suggesting mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS). Thus, among patients with maternally transmitted diabetes, the prevalence of the 3271 mutation was approximately one-seventh that of the 3243 mutation, and other mutations are even more rare in the mitochondrial tRNALeu(UUR) region.
|出版ステータス||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas