Scanning electrochemical cell microscopy with a single barrel micro-/nano-pipette (SECCM) was applied to lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) composite positive electrodes and an isolated LiFePO4 secondary particle for lithium-ion batteries. To analyze lithium-ion (Li+) charge or discharge process on the electrodes using local probe, a pipette filled with LiCl electrolyte solution and Ag/AgCl quasi-reference counter electrode (QRCE) was used. Both the local electrochemical activities of LiFePO4 on the composite electrodes and a single particle were revealed by SECCM as in-situ direct measurement of current response-related Li+ transport from mapping and cyclic voltammogram at confined area by the pipette. The mapping has visualized Li+ deintercalation process from LiFePO4 at +0.65 V (applied between the sample-QRCE). We show that the SECCM system is a strong analytical tool for a characterization of local Li+ behavior of active electrode materials in lithium-ion batteries.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)