Scalable nanoporous carbon films allow line-of-sight 3D atomic layer deposition of Pt: Towards a new generation catalyst layer for PEM fuel cells

Marwa Atwa, Xiaoan Li, Zhaoxuan Wang, Samuel Dull, Shicheng Xu, Xia Tong, Rui Tang, Hirotomo Nishihara, Fritz Prinz, Viola Birss

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Although nanoporous carbons are ubiquitous materials that are used in many clean energy and environmental applications, most are in powder form, thus requiring binders to hold particles together. This results in uncontrolled and complex pathways between particles, potentially exacerbating mass transport issues. To overcome these problems, we have developed an unprecedented binderless, self-supported, nanoporous carbon scaffold (NCS) with tunable and monodisperse pores (5-100+ nm), high surface area (ca. 200-575 m2 g-1), and 3-dimensional scalability (1-150+ cm2, 1-1000 μm thickness). Here, it is shown that NCS85 membranes (85 nm pores) are particularly promising as a host for the homogeneous and efficient 3-D atomic layer deposition (ALD) of Pt nanoparticles, due to the facile penetration of gas phase Pt precursor throughout the homogeneous, low tortuosity internal structure. Furthermore, the high density of surface defects of the as-synthesized NCS promotes uniform Pt nucleation with minimal agglomeration. These advantageous features are key to the rapid oxygen reduction kinetics observed under polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell MEA testing conditions. Cells constructed with an optimal ALD Pt loading of 30 cycles are shown to exhibit a specific activity of ≥0.4 mA cm-2Pt which is exemplary when compared to two commercial catalyst layers with comparable Pt mass loadings and tested under the same conditions. Furthermore, a maximum power density of 1230 mW cm-2 (IR-corrected) is obtained, with the limiting current densities approaching a very respectable 3 A cm-2. This journal is

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)2451-2462
ページ数12
ジャーナルMaterials Horizons
8
9
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 材料力学
  • プロセス化学およびプロセス工学
  • 電子工学および電気工学

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