Sarcoidosis is occasionally accompanied by hematologic malignancies, including cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, called sarcoidosis-lymphoma syndrome. Although the mechanism underlying the induction of lymphomas is still unknown, understanding the immunological background of sarcoidosis could help explain the possible mechanisms of the induction of lymphomas. In this report, we describe a case of sarcoidosis-lymphoma syndrome associated with folliculotropic peripheral T cell lymphoma not otherwise specified, which caused dense infiltration of CD30+ CD163+ tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) only in the lesional skin. Our present case might suggest the significance of TAMs in developing sarcoid-lymphoma syndrome.
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