The aim of this study was to identify factors that regulate ruminal epithelial insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP) expression and determine its role in rumen epithelial cell proliferation. Primary bovine rumen epithelial cells (BREC) were incubated with short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) at pH 7.4 or 5.6, lactate, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), -II (IGF-II), or recombinant bovine IGFBP2 (rbIGFBP2). The mRNA expression levels of IGFBP in BREC were analyzed using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The proliferation rate of BREC was analyzed using a WST-1 assay. IGFBP2 gene expression tended to be lower with SCFA treatment (p <.1), and IGFBP6 gene expression was significantly lower with SCFA treatment (p <.05). IGFBP3 and IGFBP6 gene expression tended to be higher with d-Lactate treatment (p <.1). IGFBP3 gene expression was significantly higher (p <.05) with LPS treatment. BREC treated with IGF-I grew more rapidly than vehicle control-treated cells (p <.01); however, recombinant bovine rbIGFBP2 inhibited IGF-I-induced proliferation. IGF-II and/or rbIGFBP2 did not affect BREC proliferation. Taken together, SCFA treatment decreased IGFBP2 and IGFBP6 expression in rumen epithelial cells, and lower expression of these IGFBP might promote rumen epithelial cell proliferation by facilitating IGF-I.
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