The roles of oxygen vacancies on the electronic and magnetic properties of Ni doped In2O3 have been studied by first-principles calculations based on hybrid functional theory. Our results predict that the Ni-doped In2O3 system displays a ferromagnetic semiconducting character. However, the presence of oxygen vacancies results in antiferromagnetic coupling between the neighboring Ni pair bridged by an oxygen vacancy. The antiferromagnetic coupling is found to arise from the predominant role of superexchange due to the strong Ni 3d-O 2p hybridization. Consequently, the oxygen vacancies play a key role in the lower saturation magnetization of Ni:In2O3 polycrystalline sample, as observed in experiments.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics