Diamond-like carbon (DLC) has recently attracted much attention as a promising solid-state lubricant because it exhibits low friction, low abrasion, and high wear resistance. Although we previously reported the reason why H-terminated DLC exhibits low friction based on a tight-binding quantum chemical molecular dynamics (TB-QCMD) simulation, experimentally, the low-friction state of H-terminated DLC is not stable, limiting its application. In the present work, our TB-QCMD simulations suggest that H/OH-terminated DLC could give low friction even under high loads, whereas H-terminated DLC could not. By using gas-phase friction experiments, we confirm that OH termination can indeed provide much more stable lubricity than H termination, validating the predictions from simulations. We conclude that H/OH-terminated DLC is a new low-friction material with high load capacity and high stable lubricity that may be suitable for practical use in industrial applications.
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