Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) plays roles in both energy maintenance, and stress signaling by forming a protein complex with seven in absentia homolog 1 (Siah1). Mechanisms to coordinate its glycolytic and stress cascades are likely to be very important for survival and homeostatic control of any living organism. Here we report that apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1), a representative stress kinase, interacts with both GAPDH and Siah1 and is likely able to phosphorylate Siah1 at specific amino acid residues (Thr-70/Thr-74 and Thr-235/Thr-239). Phosphorylation of Siah1 by ASK1 triggers GAPDH-Siah1 stress signaling and activates a key downstream target, p300 acetyltransferase in the nucleus. This novel mechanism, together with the established S-nitrosylation/oxidation of GAPDH at Cys-150, provides evidence of how the stress signaling involving GAPDH is finely regulated. In addition, the present results imply crosstalk between the ASK1 and GAPDHSiah1 stress cascades.
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