Rock stresses around active faults measured by using the high stiffness hydraulic fracturing technique

T. Yokoyama, M. Murakami, T. Danjo, K. Ogawa, A. Lin, W. Lin, T. Ito

研究成果: Conference contribution

抄録

The hydraulic fracturing technique is a method to measure the stress states in the rocks based on the change of the water pressure observed when the induced fracture in the borehole wall generated by water pressure reopens or closes. A new standard of hydraulic fracturing method in Japan will have two important observation parameters as shown below. One parameter is the water pressure Ps (Shut-in pressure) at the time when the tip of the fracture begins to close after shut-in operation at stopping pressurization in a test interval. The other parameter is the water pressure Pr (Reopening pressure) at the time when the mouth of the fracture begins to open when the test interval is re-pressurized. The new hydraulic fracturing technique highlights that a compliance of the measuring system was adequate for correctly measuring Pr. The small compliance means that the capacity of the water supply system is extremely small and the water supply system has the high stiffness. Small compliance is synonymous with high stiffness, and an ideal measuring system is required to have smaller compliance. We got an opportunity to measure the crustal stress by the hydraulic fracturing technique around Nojima fault which appeared on the surface at the 1995 Southern Hyogo Prefecture Earthquake. The hydraulic fracturing test was conducted at the foot side of Asano fault which is derived from Nojima fault. The measurement depth is about 800 m. The magnitude of the measured maximum principal stress is smaller than the overburden stress, and its principal stress direction does not match the fault movement and the direction of the compression axis is greatly deviated. Therefore, the current stress state around the fault is considered to represent the stress relaxation state after the fault activity.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルRock Dynamics Summit - Proceedings of the 2019 Rock Dynamics Summit, RDS 2019
編集者Omer Aydan, Takashi Ito, Takafumi Seiki, Katsumi Kamemura, Naoki Iwata
出版社CRC Press/Balkema
ページ638-643
ページ数6
ISBN(印刷版)9780367347833
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019
イベントRock Dynamics Summit, RDS 2019 - Okinawa, Japan
継続期間: 2019 5月 72019 5月 11

出版物シリーズ

名前Rock Dynamics Summit - Proceedings of the 2019 Rock Dynamics Summit, RDS 2019

Conference

ConferenceRock Dynamics Summit, RDS 2019
国/地域Japan
CityOkinawa
Period19/5/719/5/11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 地質学

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