Retinoic acid inhibits elastase-induced injury in human lung epithelial cell lines

Mizue Nakajoh, Takeyasu Fukushima, Tomoko Suzuki, Mutsuo Yamaya, Katsutoshi Nakayama, Kiyohisa Sekizawa, Hidetada Sasaki

研究成果: Article査読

38 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The protective effects of retinoic acid on elastase-induced lung epithelial cell injury were studied using elastase extracted from purulent human sputum, the BEAS-2B human bronchial epithelial cell line, A549 human type II lung cell line, and primary cultures of human tracheal epithelial cells. Elastase decreased viability of BEAS-2B cells, A549 cells, and human tracheal epithelial cells in concentration- and time-dependent fashions. Elastase also induced apoptosis of BEAS-2B cells, A549 cells, and the tracheal epithelial cells detected with cell death detection enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick-end labeling (TUNEL) methods. Retinoic acid alone did not affect the viability of BEAS-2B cells, A549 cells, or the tracheal epithelial cells, and did not induce apoptosis of the cells. However, retinoic acid prevented the decreases in the viability and reduced apoptosis of BEAS-2B cells, A549 cells, and the tracheal epithelial cells induced by elastase. Likewise, retinoic acid inhibited caspase 3 activity in BEAS-2B cells and A549 cells induced by elastase, as well as proteolytic activity of elastase. Furthermore, caspase 3 inhibitor inhibited the elastase-induced apoptosis of the cells. These findings suggest that retinoic acid may inhibit elastase-induced lung epithelial cell injury partly through the inhibition of proteolytic activity of elastase and through the inhibition of caspase 3 activity by elastase. Retinoic acid may, therefore, have protective effects against the elastase-induced lung injury and subsequent development of pulmonary emphysema.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)296-304
ページ数9
ジャーナルAmerican journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
28
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2003 3 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 分子生物学
  • 呼吸器内科
  • 臨床生化学
  • 細胞生物学

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