Mixtures of safe and renewable solvents can replace hazardous solvents presently being used in the manufacture of engineering plastics. In this work, a methodology is proposed for identifying solvent-pair mixtures for preparing polymer precursors, with poly(amic acid) (PAA) being studied as an example. The methodology uses a chemical safety index, Hansen solubility parameters and Kamlet-Taft solvatochromic parameters of the pure and solvent-pair mixtures to identify hydrogen bond acceptor (HBA)-hydrogen bond donor (HBD) solvent-pair combinations. Ten replacement solvent-pairs for PAA syntheses identified were cyclohexanone-methanol, cyclohexanone-ethanol, cyclopentanone-methanol, cyclopentanone-ethanol, γ-butyrolactone-methanol, γ-butyrolactone-ethanol, γ-butyrolactone-water, γ-valerolactone-methanol, γ-valerolactone-ethanol, and γ-valerolactone-water. Homogeneous PAA solutions could be obtained from HBA-HBD solvent-pair mixtures when their solubility parameters were within 21-29 MPa0.5 and their Kamlet-Taft solvatochromic parameters were π∗ (>0.67) and β (>0.67) for nonaqueous solutions and π∗ (>0.68) and β (>0.59) for aqueous solutions. Replacement solvent-pairs, γ-valerolactone-ethanol, γ-valerolactone-water, and γ-butyrolactone-water gave homogeneous precursor solutions that were comparable with commercial solutions prepared with N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone. The proposed methodology and reported solvatochromic parameters make it is possible to identify other solvent-pair mixtures and new solvent-pairs for preparing polymer precursor solutions used in engineering plastics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)