Repeating earthquakes and interplate aseismic slip in the northeastern Japan subduction zone

Toshihiro Igarashi, Toru Matsuzawa, Akira Hasegawa

研究成果: Article査読

264 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

On the basis of a waveform similarity analysis, we detected 321 earthquake clusters with very similar (cross-correlation coefficient >0.95) waveforms on the plate boundary in the northeastern Japan subduction zone. Most of them were not found within the subducting Pacific plate with a few exceptions. Moreover, even on the plate boundary, they were not located in the large moment release areas of large interplate earthquakes that occurred recently or in the areas where the plates are inferred to be strongly coupled from GPS data analyses. These observations suggest that these similar earthquakes are caused by repeating slips of small asperities with a dimension of around 0.1 to 1 km surrounded by stable sliding areas on the plate boundary. If the aseismic slip portion in these small asperities is negligible, we can estimate the cumulative amount of aseismic slip in the area surrounding each asperity. In other words, repeating earthquake data potentially can be used to estimate the spatiotemporal aseismic slip distribution on the plate boundary. We estimated the spatial distribution of slip rate on the plate boundary from repeating earthquake data. The scaling relation between seismic moment and seismic slip by Nadeau and Johnson [1998] is used for the estimation of the slip amount by each repeating earthquake cluster. Obtained spatial distribution is consistent with that estimated from GPS data on land.

本文言語English
ジャーナルJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
108
5
出版ステータスPublished - 2003 5月 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 地球化学および岩石学
  • 地球物理学
  • 地球惑星科学(その他)
  • 宇宙惑星科学
  • 大気科学
  • 天文学と天体物理学
  • 海洋学

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