Characteristics of glucose metabolism in subjects with white-coat hypertension (WCHT) have not been fully investigated. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between glucose metabolism and WCHT on the basis of blood pressure (BP) at home (HBP) in the general population. Participants were from Ohasama, a rural Japanese community, and included 466 residents (mean age, 61.0 years) who had no history of diabetes mellitus. HBP and oral glucose tolerance test values were measured. Participants were classified into four groups on the basis of their HBP and casual-screening BP (CBP) values: normotension (NT) (HBP<135/85 mm Hg, CBP<140/90 mm Hg); WCHT (HBP<135/85 mm Hg, CBP≥140/90 mm Hg); masked hypertension (HBP≥135/85 mm Hg, CBP≥140/90 mm Hg); or sustained hypertension (SHT) (HBP≥135/85 mm Hg, CBP≥140/90 mm Hg). The relationships between glucose metabolism and BP among the four groups were examined using multivariate analysis adjusted for possible confounding factors. Factors in relation to glucose metabolism, such as fasting glucose level, 2-h postchallenge glucose level and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index, were significantly higher in subjects with WCHT and SHT than in those with NT (all P<0.03). When men and women were analyzed separately, these relationships were more pronounced in women. Our results suggest that dysregulation of glucose metabolism in WCHT might contribute to the increase in the long-term cardiovascular risk among the general population.
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