The genetic structure and variability of four wild populations of kuruma prawn in Japan were examined by estimating relatedness among individuals. The relatedness was estimated by five microsatellites (MS) DNA markers. Examination of relatedness showed that individuals were related significantly in Kumamoto and Kagoshima. In Kagoshima, some individuals showed full-sib level of relatedness. The analysis of mitochondrial (mt)DNA polymerase chain reaction - restriction fragment length polymorphisms (PCR-RFLP) was also performed, showing that the closely related individuals in Kagoshima tended to share a common haplotype. It is, therefore, supposed that there are many kins in Kumamoto and Kagoshima. However, the heterozygosities and allelic and genotypic frequencies in MS-DNA analysis were not significantly different among the localities. Moreover, the haplotype distributions of mtDNA in Kumamoto and Kagoshima were significantly different from other localities. Thus, it is suggested that no spatial differentiations occurred due to the geographic or historical effects between the localities and that there is the possibility of a mixture of hatchery populations in Kumamoto and Kagoshima.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Aquatic Science