Regulatory mechanisms for amylolytic gene expression in the koji mold Aspergillus oryzae

研究成果: Review article査読

18 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The koji mold Aspergillus oryzae has been used in traditional Japanese food and beverage fermentation for over a thousand years. Amylolytic enzymes are important in sake fermentation, wherein production is induced by starch or malto-oligosaccharides. This inducible production requires at least two transcription activators, AmyR and MalR. Among amylolytic enzymes, glucoamylase GlaB is produced exclusively in solid-state culture and plays a critical role in sake fermentation owing to its contribution to glucose generation from starch. A recent study demonstrated that glaB gene expression is regulated by a novel transcription factor, FlbC, in addition to AmyR in solid-state culture. Amylolytic enzyme production is generally repressed by glucose due to carbon catabolite repression (CCR), which is mediated by the transcription factor CreA. Modifying CCR machinery, including CreA, can improve amylolytic enzyme production. This review focuses on the role of transcription factors in regulating A. oryzae amylolytic gene expression.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1385-1401
ページ数17
ジャーナルBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
83
8
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • バイオテクノロジー
  • 分析化学
  • 生化学
  • 応用微生物学とバイオテクノロジー
  • 分子生物学
  • 有機化学

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