Background: Previous studies suggest that the pathophysiology of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is characterized not only by high ventricular stiffness, but also by vascular stiffness. Azilsartan has higher vascular affinity compared with other angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), which were proven to have no beneficial effects on clinical outcomes in patients with HFpEF in earlier clinical trials. We aimed to test the hypothesis that azilsartan may improve left ventricular diastolic function in HFpEF patients with hypertension in this trial. Methods: The Effects of Angiotensin Receptor Blockers on Diastolic Function in Patients Suffering from Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction: J-TASTE trial is a multicenter, randomized, open-labeled, and assessor(s)-blinded, active controlled using candesartan, parallel-group clinical trial, to compare changes in left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction between HFpEF patients with hypertension who have received candesartan or azilsartan for 48 weeks. The primary endpoint is the change in early diastolic wave height/early diastolic mitral annulus velocity (E/e’) assessed by echocardiography from the baseline to the end of the study (48 weeks). A total of 190 patients will be recruited into the study. Conclusions: The design of the J-TASTE trial will provide data on whether differences between the effects of the two tested drugs on LV diastolic function exist in HFpEF patients with hypertension and will improve understanding of the pathophysiological role of vascular stiffness on diastolic function.
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