A rapid quantification method, based on Fourier transform near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectroscopy, was developed and validated to nondestructively quantify the concentrations of volatile fatty acids and ethanol in the effluent of an anaerobic H2-producing bioreactor. The first-derivative spectra calculated by a simple numerical difference, combined with the orthogonal signal correction method, were used as spectral preprocessing options. A calibration model was established and validated using gas chromatography measurement results. The number of internal latent variables was optimized based on the lowest root-mean-square error of calibration. The calibration model established shows the satisfactory results for the lowest root-mean-square errors of prediction compared to other preprocess methods. The method developed in this work is demonstrated to be more flexible compared with other approaches to determine the concentrations of volatile fatty acids and ethanol in the anaerobic reactor effluents.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecological Modelling
- Water Science and Technology
- Waste Management and Disposal