Q-ball is a nontopological soliton whose stability is ensured by global U(1) symmetry. We study a Q-ball which arises in the Affleck-Dine mechanism for baryogenesis and consider its possible instability due to U(1) breaking term (A-term) indispensable for successful baryogenesis. It is found that the instability destroys the Q-ball if its growth rate exceeds inverse of the typical relaxation time scale of the Q-ball. However, the instability is not so strong as it obstructs the cosmological formation of the Q-balls.
|ジャーナル||Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2005 7 21|
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