The linB gene product (LinB), 1,3,4,6-tetrachloro-1,4-cyclohexadiene halidohydrolase, which is involved in the degradation of γ- hexachlorocyclohexane in Sphingomonas paucimobilis UT26 (Y. Nagata, T. Nariya, R. Ohtomo. M. Fukuda, K. Yano, and M. Takagi, J. Bacteriol. 175:6403- 6410, 1993), was overproduced in E. coli and purified to homogencity. The molecular mass of LinB was deduced to be 30 kDa by gel filtration chromatography and 32 kDa by electrophoresis on sodium dodecyl sulfate- polyacrylamide gel, indicating that LinB is a monomeric enzyme. The optimal pH for activity was 8.2. Not only monochloroalkanes (C3 to C10) but also dichloroalkanes, bromoalkanes, and chlorinated aliphatic alcohols were good substrates for LinB, suggesting that LinB is a haloalkane dehalogenase with a broad range of substrate specificity. These results indicate that LinB shares properties with another haloalkane dehalogenase, DhIA (S. Keuning, D. B. Janssen, and B. Witholt, J, Bacteriol. 163:635-639, 1985), which shows significant similarity to LinB in primary structure (D. B. Janssen, F. Pries, J. van der Ploeg, B. Kazemier. P. Terpstra, and B. Witholt, J. Bacteriol. 171:6791-6799, 1989) but not in substrate specificity. Principal component analysis of substrate activities of various haloalkane dehalogenases suggested that LinB probably constitutes a new substrate specificity class within this group of enzymes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology