Protective role of Nrf2 in age-related hearing loss and gentamicin ototoxicity

Tomofumi Hoshino, Keiji Tabuchi, Bungo Nishimura, Shuho Tanaka, Masahiro Nakayama, Tetsuro Ishii, Eiji Warabi, Toru Yanagawa, Ritsuku Shimizu, Masayuki Yamamoto, Akira Hara

研究成果: Article査読

29 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Expression of antioxidant enzymes is regulated by transcription factor NF-E2-related factor (Nrf2) and induced by oxidative stress. Reactive oxygen species contribute to the formation of several types of cochlear injuries, including age-related hearing loss and gentamicin ototoxicity. In this study, we examined the roles of Nrf2 in age-related hearing loss and gentamicin ototoxicity by measuring auditory brainstem response thresholds in Nrf2-knockout mice. Although Nrf2-knockout mice maintained normal auditory thresholds at 3. months of age, their hearing ability was significantly more impaired than that of age-matched wild-type mice at 6 and 11. months of age. Additionally, the numbers of hair cells and spiral ganglion cells were remarkably reduced in Nrf2-knockout mice at 11. months of age. To examine the importance of Nrf2 in protecting against gentamicin-induced ototoxicity, 3-day-old mouse organ of Corti explants were cultured with gentamicin. Hair cell loss caused by gentamicin treatment was enhanced in the Nrf2-deficient tissues. Furthermore, the expressions of some Nrf2-target genes were activated by gentamicin treatment in wild-type mice but not in Nrf2-knockout mice. The present findings indicate that Nrf2 protects the inner ear against age-related hearing injuries and gentamicin ototoxicity by up-regulating antioxidant enzymes and detoxifying proteins.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)94-98
ページ数5
ジャーナルBiochemical and biophysical research communications
415
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2011 11 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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