Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with hypercoagulability. Tissue factor/factor VIIa complex and factor Xa in the coagulation cascade activate protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2). Previously, we have shown that PAR2-mediated inflammation aggravates kidney injury in models of diabetic kidney disease and adenine-induced renal fibrosis. However, the role of PAR2 in AKI remains unclear. To clarify the role of PAR2, we administered cisplatin, one of the most common causal factors of AKI, to wild-type and PAR2-deficient mice. The expression levels of tissue factor and PAR2 were significantly increased in the kidneys of mice that were administered cisplatin. A lack of PAR2 corrected the levels of plasma blood urea nitrogen and creatinine as well as ameliorated the acute tubular injury score in the kidney. A lack of PAR2 corrected the infiltration of neutrophils and the gene expression levels of proinflammatory cytokines/chemokines in these mouse kidneys. Similarly, apoptotic markers, such as cleaved caspase-3-positive area and Bax/Bcl2 ratio, were attenuated via PAR2 deletion. Thus, elevated PAR2 exacerbates cisplatin nephrotoxicity, and targeting PAR2 is a novel therapeutic option that aids in the treatment of patients with cisplatin-induced AKI.
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