Objective: Hydroxiapatite (HA) has been suggested as a useful biomaterial to support the regeneration of tissues. In this study, we investigated the adhesion of periodontal ligament (PDL) cells on octacalcium phosphate (OCP) and its hydrolyzed apatitic product (HL), which are known precursors of HA. Methods: Rat PDL cells were cultured on OCP or HL-coated dishes. Cell proliferation and adhesion and mRNA expression of collagen I, fibronectin integrin subunits were examined. Cell adhesion inhibition assays were carried out by GRGDSPK (Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-Pro-Lys). Results: In early culture period, the cell number of PDL cells was lower on OCP and HL than that on control without any coating. However, the cell number on OCP or HL caught up with control later period. mRNA expression level of collagen I and fibronectin on OCP and HL were similar among OCP HL and control, although they differed early in the culture period. Integrin subunits were expressed on both OCP and HL as well as on control. Cell adhesion was inhibited by RGD inhibitor peptide. Conclusion: Our findings indicated that rat PDL cells produce collagen I and fibronectin on OCP and HL, and then show increased cell numbers depending on adhesion to the matrices through integrins.
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