Progressive shape evolution of a mineral inclusion under differential stress at high temperature: Example of garnet inclusions within a granulite-facies quartzite from the Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica

Atsushi Okamoto, Katsuyoshi Michibayashi

研究成果: Article査読

8 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Interfacial tension (γ) and differential stress (σ) affect the shape of a mineral grain included within a crystalline host. We present a simple model that predicts the progressive change in aspect ratio of an ellipsoidal inclusion. Three processes are considered in the model: dislocation creep, interface diffusion creep, and rounding by interface diffusion. The model reveals that (1) the inclusion aspect ratio (L) evolves toward a steady state value, (2) the time taken to achieve a steady state aspect ratio increases with increasing grain size (R), and (3) the dominant deformation mechanism varies from diffusion creep to dislocation creep with increasing grain size and/or differential stress. The L-R distribution pattern of garnets in a granulite-facies quartzite from the Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica is compared with the model result. The garnet aspect ratio systematically varies with respect to grain size, and the most elongate ones are of intermediate grain size (∼250 μm). A two-stage deformation with high and low differential stresses (stage A and B) best explains for the observed L-R pattern of garnets. The duration (tA) at stage A is determined only when the differential stress (σA) is assumed due to the size independency of dislocation creep. Assuming γgrtqtz = 1.0 N m-1, Dgb,A = 1.0 × 10-12 m2 s-1, Dgb,B = 1.0 × 10-11 m2 s-1, and σA = 1.0 MPa, the garnet data are fitted to a theoretical curve under condition of σB = 1.4 × 10-2 MPa, tA = 0.5 Myr, and tB = 14.4 Myr.

本文言語English
論文番号B11203
ページ(範囲)1-16
ページ数16
ジャーナルJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
110
11
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2005 11 4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 地球物理学
  • 地球化学および岩石学
  • 地球惑星科学(その他)
  • 宇宙惑星科学

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