TY - JOUR

T1 - Profile and scaling of the fractal exponent of percolations in complex networks

AU - Hasegawa, T.

AU - Nogawa, T.

AU - Nemoto, K.

PY - 2013/10/1

Y1 - 2013/10/1

N2 - We propose a novel finite-size scaling analysis for percolation transition observed in complex networks. While it is known that cooperative systems in growing networks often undergo an infinite-order transition with inverted Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless singularity, it is very hard for numerical simulations to determine the transition point precisely. Since the neighbor of the ordered phase is not a simple disordered phase but a critical phase, conventional finite-size scaling technique does not work. In our finite-size scaling, the forms of the scaling functions for the order parameter and the fractal exponent determine the transition point and critical exponents numerically for an infinite-order transition as well as a standard second-order transition. We confirm the validity of our scaling hypothesis through Monte Carlo simulations for bond percolations in some network models: the decorated (2,2)-flower and the random attachment growing network, where an infinite-order transition occurs, and the configuration model, where a second-order transition occurs.

AB - We propose a novel finite-size scaling analysis for percolation transition observed in complex networks. While it is known that cooperative systems in growing networks often undergo an infinite-order transition with inverted Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless singularity, it is very hard for numerical simulations to determine the transition point precisely. Since the neighbor of the ordered phase is not a simple disordered phase but a critical phase, conventional finite-size scaling technique does not work. In our finite-size scaling, the forms of the scaling functions for the order parameter and the fractal exponent determine the transition point and critical exponents numerically for an infinite-order transition as well as a standard second-order transition. We confirm the validity of our scaling hypothesis through Monte Carlo simulations for bond percolations in some network models: the decorated (2,2)-flower and the random attachment growing network, where an infinite-order transition occurs, and the configuration model, where a second-order transition occurs.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84887850760&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84887850760&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1209/0295-5075/104/16006

DO - 10.1209/0295-5075/104/16006

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84887850760

VL - 104

JO - EPL

JF - EPL

SN - 0295-5075

IS - 1

M1 - 16006

ER -