Pro-oxidant activity of an ALS-linked SOD1 mutant in Zn-deficient form

Chise Nagao, Kunisato Kuroi, Taiyu Wakabayashi, Takakazu Nakabayashi

研究成果: Article査読


Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) is a representative antioxidant enzyme that catalyzes dismutation of reactive oxygen species in cells. However, (E,E)-SOD1 mutants in which both copper and zinc ions were deleted exhibit pro-oxidant activity, contrary to their antioxidant nature, at physiological temperatures, following denaturation and subsequent recombination of Cu2+. This oxidative property is likely related to the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS); however, the mechanism by which Cu2+ re-binds to the denatured (E,E)-SOD1 has not been elucidated, since the concentration of free copper ions in cells is almost zero. In this study, we prepared the (Cu,E) form in which only a zinc ion was deleted using ALS-linked mutant H43R (His43!Arg) and found that (Cu,E)-H43R showed an increase in the pro-oxidant activity even at physiological temperature. The increase in the pro-oxidant activity of (Cu,E)-H43R was also observed in solution mimicking intracellular environment and at high temperature. These results suggest that the zinc-deficient (Cu,E) form can contribute to oxidative stress in cells, and that the formation of (E,E)-SOD1 together with the subsequent Cu2+ rebinding is not necessary for the acquisition of the pro-oxidant activity.

出版ステータスPublished - 2020 8

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 分析化学
  • 化学(その他)
  • 分子医療
  • 薬科学
  • 創薬
  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • 有機化学


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