The microstructures of a hierarchical-precipitate-strengthened ferritic alloy are characterized, using transmission-electron microscopy (TEM) and atom-probe tomography (APT). The alloy shows duplex precipitates. The primary precipitate with an average edge length of 90 nm consists of NiAl- and Ni2TiAl-type phases, while the secondary precipitate with an average radius of 2 nm is a NiAl-type phase. Based on the APT results, the volume fractions of the primary and secondary precipitates were calculated, using the lever rule to be 17.3 and 2.3%, respectively.
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