Background: Chronologically meteorological and calendar factors were risks of stroke occurrence. However, the prediction of stroke occurrences is difficult depending on only meteorological and calendar factors. We tried to make prediction models for stroke occurrences using deep learning (DL) software, Prediction One (Sony Network Communications Inc., Tokyo, Japan), with those variables. Methods: We retrospectively investigated the daily stroke occurrences between 2017 and 2019. We used Prediction One software to make the prediction models for daily stroke occurrences (present or absent) using 221 chronologically meteorological and calendar factors. We made a prediction models from the 3-year dataset and evaluated their accuracies using the internal cross-validation. Areas under the curves (AUCs) of receiver operating characteristic curves were used as accuracies. Results: The 371 cerebral infarction (CI), 184 intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and 53 subarachnoid hemorrhage patients were included in the study. The AUCs of the several DL-based prediction models for all stroke occurrences were 0.532-0.757. Those for CI were 0.600-0.782. Those for ICH were 0.714-0.988. Conclusion: Our preliminary results suggested a probability of the DL-based prediction models for stroke occurrence only by meteorological and calendar factors. In the future, by synchronizing a variety of medical information among the electronic medical records and personal smartphones as well as integrating the physical activities or meteorological conditions in real time, the prediction of stroke occurrence could be performed with high accuracy, to save medical resources, to have patients care for themselves, and to perform efficient medicine.
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