The 3-glucosides of nonamidated lithocholic, chenodeoxycholic, ursodeoxycholic, deoxycholic, and cholic acids, and their double conjugate forms with glycine and taurine were synthesized. The key reactions used were 1) β-D- glucosidation at C-3 by the Koenigs-Knorr condensation reaction of 3α-hydroxylated bile acid methyl (or p-nitrophenyl) esters with 1α-bromo- 1-deoxy-2, 3, 4, 6-tetra-O-acetyl-D-glucopyranose in the presence of cadmium carbonate in refluxing benzene; 2) indirect and direct amidations at C-24 by the activated p-nitrophenyl ester and by the diethylphosphorylcyanide methods, respectively, using glycinate ester and taurine as coupling agents; and 3) simultaneous alkaline hydrolysis of the hydroxyl-protecting and ester groups in both the sugar and aglycone moieties.
|ジャーナル||Journal of lipid research|
|出版ステータス||Published - 1995|
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