We report a case with pleomorphic carcinoma of the lung in a 70-year-old man. Pleomorphic carcinoma is characterized by a heterogenous composition that includes epithelial and mesechymal malignancies. In the present case, the tumor was composed of a mixture of unequivocal squamous cell carcinoma and spindle cell components resembling sarcomatous overgrowth. The spindle component did not include a heterologous mesenchymal element characterized by overt differetiation for bone, cartilage, neuron or muscle tissue. To evaluate a state of differentiation of the spindle cell component, we immunohistochemically examined expression of the antigens including vimentin, cytokeratin, sarcomeric actin, α-smooth muscle actin, S-100 protein, CD34, Factor VIII, and CD68. The results showed sole expression of vimentin in the spindle cell component, suggesting an immature state of the mesenchymal lineage. Furthermore, the spindle cell component of this case was genetically characterized by loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at a codon 234 of exon 7 of the p53 gene. This mutation causes an amino-acid replacement (Tyr to Cys), which was previously proven to attenuate p53 function. The present case may suggest a relation between somatic alteration of the p53 gene and histogenesis of pleomorphic carcinoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)