Here we show that prolyl isomerase Pin1 is involved in the Aβ production central to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Enzyme immunoassay of brains of the Pin1-deficient mice revealed that production of Aβ40 and Aβ42 was lower than that of the wild-type mice, indicating that Pin1 promotes Aβ production in the brain. GST-Pin1 pull-down and immunoprecipitation assay revealed that Pin1 binds phosphorylated Thr668-Pro of C99. In the Pin1-/- MEF transfected with C99, Pin1 co-transfection enhanced the levels of Aβ40 and Aβ42 compared to that without Pin1 co-transfection. In COS7 cells transfected with C99, Pin1 co-transfection enhanced the generation of Aβ40 and Aβ42, and reduced the expression level of C99, facilitating the C99 turnover. Thus, Pin1 interacts with C99 and promotes its γ-cleavage, generating Aβ40 and Aβ42. Further, GSK3 inhibitor lithium blocked Pin1 binding to C99 by decreasing Thr668 phosphorylation and attenuated Aβ generation, explaining the inhibitory effect of lithium on Aβ generation.
|ジャーナル||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2005 10 21|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology