Perfluorinated aryl-incorporating chiral monophosphoric acids were used for highly stereoselective reactions of N-acyl and N-acyloxy aldimines with styrenes. Their electronic and steric profiles were established in comparison with those of phenyl, binaphthyl, and partially fluorinated aryls. The [4 + 2] cycloaddition reactions of N-benzoyl aldimines with alkenes proceeded with excellent diastereo- and enantioselectivities in the presence of the perfluorophenyl-incorporating chiral monophosphoric acid catalysts 1a and 1c. The stereoselective elaboration of polysubstituted cycloadducts to amines is described. The imino-ene reactions of N-Fmoc imines with alkenes have been successfully developed in a three-component manner. This process uses aldehydes, 9-fluorenylmethyl carbamate, and alkenes in the presence of a chiral monophosphoric acid catalyst, 2a, possessing an F10binaphthyl skeleton.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)