The oxygen permeation mechanism through La 1-xCa xCrO 3-δ was investigated by two experimental methods, firstly by the determination of the oxygen tracer diffusion coefficient by 18O 2 exchange in different oxygen partial pressures and SIMS analyses, and secondly by the direct measurement of the permeation flux in a steady state under a p(O 2) gradient. The oxygen tracer diffusion coefficient increased with decreasing oxygen partial pressure in the range p(O 2) = 10 -9 to 1 Pa at T = 1273 K. On the contrary, the oxygen vacancy diffusion coefficient was found to be 1.7 × 10 -9 m 2 s -1, which was independent of oxygen partial pressure or oxygen vacancy content. The oxygen permeation flux as oxide ion current density (J O 2-) through La 1-xCa xCrO 3-δ was determined by using an electrochemical method in the p(O 2) range from 10 -11 to 10 5 Pa at T = 1273 K. When p(O 2) was lower than 10 -5 Pa, J O 2- was suppressed by the effect of surface reaction as the rate determining step. The contribution of grain boundary diffusion on the permeation flux was considered when p(O 2) was larger than 1 Pa.
|ジャーナル||Busshitu Kogaku Kogyo Gijutsu Kenkyusho Hokoku/Journal of the National Institute of Materials and Chemical Research|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2000 12月 1|
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