The goal of the present study was to determine the efficacy of osimertinib (AZD9291), a third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitor for the treatment of aggressive EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), compared to cisplatinum (CDDP) + pemetrexed (PEM). The NSCLC cell line PC-9 expressing green fluorescence protein (PC-9-GFP) was implanted in the brain of nude mice and was treated with CDDP + PEM or AZD9291. Tumors were observed by non-invasive fluorescence imaging. AZD9291 treatment caused tumor regression in contrast to CDDP + PEM which had only a slight inhibitory effect. These results suggest that AZD9291 is a promising clinical option for NSCLC patients with brain metastasis.
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