The establishment of effective therapeutic interventions for prion diseases is necessary. We report on a newly developed amyloidophilic compound that displays therapeutic efficacy when administered orally. This compound inhibited abnormal prion protein formation in prion-infected neuroblastoma cells in a prion strain-dependent manner: effectively for RML prion and marginally for 22L prion and Fukuoka-1 prion. When the highest dose (0.2% [wt/wt] in feed) was given orally to cerebrally RML prion-inoculated mice from inoculation until the terminal stage of disease, it extended the incubation periods by 2.3 times compared to the control. The compound exerted therapeutic efficacy in a prion strain-dependent manner such as that observed in the cell culture study: most effective for RML prion, less effective for 22L prion or Fukuoka-1 prion, and marginally effective for 263K prion. Its effectiveness depended on an earlier start of administration. The glycoform pattern of the abnormal prion protein in the treated mice was modified and showed predominance of the diglycosylated form, which resembled that of 263K prion, suggesting that diglycosylated forms of abnormal prion protein might be least sensitive or resistant to the compound. The mechanism of the prion strain-dependent effectiveness needs to be elucidated and managed. Nevertheless, the identification of an orally available amyloidophilic chemical encourages the pursuit of chemotherapy for prion diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas