Oral mucosal irritation potential of antimicrobial chemotherapy involving hydrogen peroxide photolysis with high-power laser irradiation for the treatment of periodontitis

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

In the present study, we assessed the oral mucosal irritation potential of antimicrobial chemotherapy involving hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) photolysis with a 405-nm laser device at an output power of ≥100 mW in hamsters. Twenty-four cheek pouches from 12 male Syrian hamsters received 7-min treatment with pure water (PW), 3% H2O2, laser irradiation of PW at 100 mW, laser irradiation of 3% H2O2 at 100 mW, laser irradiation of PW at 200 mW, or laser irradiation of 3% H2O2 at 200 mW (n = 4 each). The diameter of the irradiation area was set at 3 mm; accordingly, the calculated irradiances (optical power densities) of the 100- and 200-mW laser lights were approximately 1400 and 2800 mW/cm2, respectively. In addition, 12 cheek pouches from six animals received laser irradiation of 3% H2O2 at 100 mW for 1, 3, or 5 min (n = 4 each). Each treatment was repeated three times at 1-h intervals. Macroscopic and histological changes were evaluated 24 h after the last treatment. In addition, in vitro bactericidal activity of the treatment against periodontal pathogens was evaluated. We found that 405-nm laser irradiation of 3% H2O2 caused moderate to severe oral mucosal irritation when performed at powers of 100 and 200 mW for ≥3 min, while the same treatment performed at 100 mW for 1 min resulted in mild irritation. Moreover, 1-min H2O2 photolysis at 100 mW caused a >4-log decrease in viable bacterial counts. These findings suggest that 1-min H2O2 photolysis, which can effectively kill periodontal pathogens, may be acceptable when a 405-nm laser device is used at 100 mW. However, use of the laser at a lower power would be preferable for the prevention of unnecessary oral mucosal irritation.

本文言語English
論文番号111633
ジャーナルJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology
201
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 放射線
  • 放射線技術および超音波技術
  • 生物理学
  • 放射線学、核医学およびイメージング

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