Objectives The objective of this study was to clarify the role of pancreatectomy for patients with resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma aged 80 years or older using a nationwide audit by the Japan Pancreas Society. Methods Data were collected from 39 institutions from 2007 to 2014. The primary endpoint was overall survival, and secondary endpoints were surgical outcomes and predictive factors for prognosis. Results Data were obtained from 556 octogenarians who underwent pancreatectomy (n = 369, 66%), chemo(radio)therapy (n = 99, 18%), and palliative therapy (n = 88, 16%). Median survival times were 20.6, 18.6, and 8.8 months in each group, respectively. Even after propensity score matching, median survival time in the surgery group (22.8 months) was significantly higher than that in the chemotherapy group (18.5 months; hazard ratio, 0.64 [95% confidence interval, 0.44-0.93]; P = 0.020). Significant independent prognostic factors were body mass index, lymph node metastasis, and tumor diameter in the surgery group, and serum albumin level, American Society of Anesthesiologists classification, body mass index, modified Glasgow prognostic score, second-line chemotherapy, and tumor diameter in the chemotherapy group. Conclusions Octogenarians with resectable/borderline resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma can be recommended for pancreatectomy according to mental and physical fitness for surgical procedures.
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