1. We analysed how male and female success affects the floral longevity in Erythronium japonicum. We found that flower senescence is advanced by deposition of pollen grains on the stigma but that there exists a minimum longevity (13.64 days in 1996 and 12.20 days in 1997) during which the flower never abscises, even if it is pollinated with a sufficient number of pollen grains. 2. We suggest that this floral longevity does not exist to benefit the female function, because the time needed for corolla abscission reacting to ovule fertilization was not so long and the female function was completed within about 3 days. 3. Flowers of E. japonicum do not react to pollen removal, as shown by the fact that anther removal experiments did not affect floral longevity. However, it would be advantageous to have some duration of longevity which benefits male success such that most of pollen grains can be expected to be exported. The duration needed to disperse most pollen grains of a flower was about 12 days, very close to the minimum floral longevity. 4. We conclude that a minimum longevity may exist for male functions and that floral longevity may be influenced differently by the male and the female functions of flowers.
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