Operation and flame observation of micro gas turbine firing ammonia

Norihiko Iki, Osamu Kurata, Takayuki Matsunuma, Takahiro Inoue, Taku Tsujimura, Hirohide Furutani, Hideaki Kobayashi, Akihiro Hayakawa

研究成果: Conference contribution

5 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

A demonstration test with the aim to show the potential of ammonia-fired power plant is planned using a micro gas turbine. 50kW class turbine system firing kerosene is selected as a base model. Over 40kW of power generation was achieved by firing ammonia gas only. Over 40kW of power generation was also achieved by firing mixture of ammonia and methane. However ammonia gas supply increases NOx in the exhaust gas dramatically. NOx concentration in the exhaust gas of gas turbine reached at over 600ppm. In the case of the gas turbine operation firing kerosene-ammonia with 31kW of power generation at 75,000rpm of rotating speed, the LHV (Lower Heating Value) ratio of ammonia to the total supplied fuel was changed from 0% to 100% in detail. NO emission increases rapidly to around 400ppm with ammonia at 7% of LHV ratio of ammonia. Then NO emission increases gradually to 600ppm with ammonia at 27% of LHV ratio of ammonia. NO emission has the peak around 60% of LHV ratio of ammonia. NO emission decreases below 500ppm at 100% of LHV ratio of ammonia. The gas turbine operation firing methane-ammonia with 31kW of power generation at 75,000rpm of rotating speed was also tried. NO emission increases rapidly to around 470ppm with ammonia at 7% of LHV ratio of ammonia. Then NO emission increases gradually to 600ppm with ammonia around 30% of LHV ratio of ammonia. NO emission has the peak at 65% of LHV ratio of ammonia. NO emission decreases below 500ppm at 100% of LHV ratio of ammonia. Since the ammonia flame in the prototype combustor seems to be inhomogeneous, ammonia combustion in the prototype combustor may have high NOx region and low NOx region. Therefore there is a possibility of low-NOx combustion. Flame observation was planned to know combustion state for improvement toward the low NOx combustor. Flame observation from the combustor exit was available by extending the combustor exit with the adaptor of the bent coaxial tubes and the quartz window. Swirling flames of ammonia, methane and methane-ammonia were observed near the center axis of the combustor. Flame observation at 39.1kW of power generation was succeeded. In the case of the flame observation, fuel consumption increased due to increase of the heat loss from the combustor. The emissions of NO and NH3 clearly depend on the combustion inlet temperature at 75,000rpm of rotating speed. The emissions of NO and NH3 in the case of the flame observation setting corresponds to the emission in the case of the normal setting at the condition that the power output is 11.2kW lower.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルMicroturbines, Turbochargers and Small Turbomachines; Steam Turbines
出版社American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN(電子版)9780791850954
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017
イベントASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2017 - Charlotte, United States
継続期間: 2017 6 262017 6 30

出版物シリーズ

名前Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
8

Other

OtherASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2017
国/地域United States
CityCharlotte
Period17/6/2617/6/30

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 工学(全般)

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