One-pot synthesis of (-)-oseltamivir and mechanistic insights into the organocatalyzed Michael reaction

Takasuke Mukaiyama, Hayato Ishikawa, Hiroyuki Koshino, Yujiro Hayashi

研究成果: Article査読

72 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The one-pot sequential synthesis of (-)-oseltamivir has been achieved without evaporation or solvent exchange in 36 % yield over seven reactions. The key step was the asymmetric Michael reaction of pentan-3-yloxyacetaldehyde with (Z)-N-2-nitroethenylacetamide, catalyzed by a diphenylprolinol silyl ether. The use of a bulky O-silyl-substituted diphenylprolinol catalyst, chlorobenzene as a solvent, and HCO2H as an acid additive, were key to produce the first Michael adduct in both excellent yield and excellent diastereo- and enantioselectivity. Investigation into the effect of acid demonstrated that an acid additive accelerates not only the E-Z isomerization of the enamines derived from pentan-3-yloxyacetaldehyde with diphenylprolinol silyl ether, but also ring opening of the cyclobutane intermediate and the addition reaction of the enamine to (Z)-N-2-nitroethenylacetamide. The transition-state model for the Michael reaction of pentan-3-yloxyacetaldehyde with (Z)-N-2- nitroethenylacetamide was proposed by consideration of the absolute configuration of the major and minor isomers of the Michael product with the results of the Michael reaction of pentan-3-yloxyacetaldehyde with phenylmaleimide and naphthoquinone. (-)-Oseltamivir, a neuraminidase inhibitor, was synthesized in a one-pot operation (see scheme). A mechanistic study of the key Michael reaction revealed that both E and Z enamines are generated, acid accelerates E-Z enamine isomerization, and reactivity depends on the geometry of both Michael acceptor and enamine.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)17789-17800
ページ数12
ジャーナルChemistry - A European Journal
19
52
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2013 12 23

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 触媒
  • 有機化学

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