On the Parameterized Complexity of Reconfiguration Problems

Amer E. Mouawad, Naomi Nishimura, Venkatesh Raman, Narges Simjour, Akira Suzuki

研究成果: Article査読

32 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We present the first results on the parameterized complexity of reconfiguration problems, where a reconfiguration variant of an optimization problem Q takes as input two feasible solutions S and T and determines if there is a sequence of reconfiguration steps, i.e. a reconfiguration sequence, that can be applied to transform S into T such that each step results in a feasible solution to Q. For most of the results in this paper, S and T are sets of vertices of a given graph and a reconfiguration step adds or removes a vertex. Our study is motivated by results establishing that for many NP-hard problems, the classical complexity of reconfiguration is PSPACE-complete. We address the question for several important graph properties under two natural parameterizations: k, a bound on the size of solutions, and ℓ, a bound on the length of reconfiguration sequences. Our first general result is an algorithmic paradigm, the reconfiguration kernel, used to obtain fixed-parameter tractable algorithms for reconfiguration variants of Vertex Cover and, more generally, Bounded Hitting Set and Feedback Vertex Set, all parameterized by k. In contrast, we show that reconfiguring Unbounded Hitting Set is W[2]-hard when parameterized by k+ ℓ. We also demonstrate the W[1]-hardness of reconfiguration variants of a large class of maximization problems parameterized by k+ ℓ, and of their corresponding deletion problems parameterized by ℓ; in doing so, we show that there exist problems in FPT when parameterized by k, but whose reconfiguration variants are W[1]-hard when parameterized by k+ ℓ.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)274-297
ページ数24
ジャーナルAlgorithmica
78
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 5 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • コンピュータ サイエンス(全般)
  • コンピュータ サイエンスの応用
  • 応用数学

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