On the formation of massive primordial stars

Kazuyuki Omukai, Francesco Palla

研究成果: Article査読

108 被引用数 (Scopus)


We investigate the formation by accretion of massive primordial protostars in the range of 10-300 M. The high accretion rate used in the models (Ṁ = 4.4 × 10-3 M yr-1) causes the structure and evolution to differ significantly from those of both present-day protostars and primordial zero-age main-sequence stars. After an initial expansion of the radius (for M* ≲ 12 M), the protostar undergoes an extended phase of contraction (up to M* ≃ 60 M). The stellar surface is not visible throughout most of the main accretion phase since a photosphere is formed in the infalling envelope. Also, significant nuclear burning does not take place until a protostellar mass of about 80 M is reached. As the interior luminosity approaches the Eddington luminosity, the protostellar radius rapidly expands, reaching a maximum at around 100 M. Changes in the ionization of the surface layers induce a secondary phase of contraction, followed by a final swelling due to radiation pressure when the stellar mass reaches about 300 M. This expansion is likely to signal the end of the main accretion phase, thus setting an upper limit to the protostellar mass formed in these conditions.

ジャーナルAstrophysical Journal
1 PART 2
出版ステータスPublished - 2001 11月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 天文学と天体物理学
  • 宇宙惑星科学


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