We numerically study the SU(2)⊗SU(2) symmetric spin-orbit coupled model as a lower symmetric generalization of the SU(4) exchange model. On the symmetric line with respect to the spin and orbit, our result shows the essentially singular gap formation in consistent with the analytic approach, which is different from the previous numerical calculation. Furthermore, we find a new critical phase around the SU(4) point, surrounding the previously known gapless symmetric line. In the novel phase spin or orbital excitations around momentum q = π form massless continua which split from the excitations belonging to the  irreducible representation at the SU(4) point. Near the critical symmetric line, the additional coupled spin-orbit excitations around q = π/2 originating from  become the lowest.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)