Direct numerical simulations were carried out to investigate three-dimensional, unsteady magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) convection in a spherical electromagnetically levitated molten Cu-Co droplet with a diameter of 5 mm under different strengths of the static magnetic field. The strength of the static magnetic field ranged from 0 to 3 T. MHD convection under lower static magnetic fields presented turbulent flow. The velocities in the levitated droplet decreased with increasing strength of the static magnetic field. At more than 1.5 T, the convective flow pattern became axisymmetric and the turbulent energy reached almost zero, i.e., MHD convection presented laminar flow. Comparisons of the present numerical results with past experimental results demonstrated that the marked change in phase separation structures in undercooled Cu-Co alloys at 1.0 to 1.5 T was closely related to the laminar-turbulent transition of MHD convection in the levitated droplet.
|ジャーナル||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2021 4|
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