Numerical Analysis of Carbon Monoxide–Hydrogen Gas Reduction of Iron Ore in a Packed Bed by an Euler–Lagrange Approach

Shungo Natsui, Tatsuya Kikuchi, Ryosuke O. Suzuki

研究成果: Article査読

27 被引用数 (Scopus)


In recent years, various methods to decrease carbon dioxide emissions from iron and steel making industries have been developed. The latest blast furnace operation design is intended to induce the low reducing agent operation, highly reactive material is considered a promising way to improve reaction efficiency. Another method utilizes hydrogen in the blast furnace process for highly efficient reduction. Mathematical modeling may help to predict complex in-furnace phenomena, including momentum, heat, and mass transport. However, the current macroscopic continuum model gives no information on the individual particles. In this work, a new approach based on the discrete element method was introduced to consider the interaction between particles under fluid flow in accordance with the arrangement and properties of individual particles. We used an Euler–Lagrange method to precisely understand the influence of the reaction conditions on the behavior of coke and ore particles in three dimensions. The heterogeneity of the reaction rate and temperature distribution was observed to be influenced by the particle arrangement. The endothermic and exothermic reactions influenced each other in the packed bed. Temperature distributions nearly correlated with the gas velocity distribution because convection processes greatly affected the reaction rate. Although convection heat transfer was not a dominant issue in the packed bed, promotion of the reaction by a gas flow was effective.

ジャーナルMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
出版ステータスPublished - 2014 12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 凝縮系物理学
  • 材料力学
  • 金属および合金
  • 材料化学


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