NSAIDs diclofenac, indomethacin, and meloxicam highly upregulate expression of ICAM-1 and COX-2 induced by X-irradiation in human endothelial cells

Yoshihiko Uehara, Yasuhiko Murata, Soichiro Shiga, Yoshio Hosoi

研究成果: Article査読

6 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background It is well known that radiation exposure to the heart and the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) increase the risk of myocardial infarction (MI). Some NSAIDs are also known to act synergistically with ionizing radiation and have radio-sensitizing effects in radiotherapy. These evidences suggest that NSAIDs may affect the risk of MI after radiation exposure to the heart. In the present study, we investigated effects of NSAIDs on radiation-induced expression of cell adhesion molecules and COX-2, which are associated with inflammation and an increased risk of MI, in human endothelial cells. Methods Effects of NSAIDs on radiation-induced expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, E-selectin, and COX-2 were investigated in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). As NSAIDs, diclofenac, etodolac, indomethacin, ketoprofen, meloxicam, and rofecoxib were used. Results Irradiation with 10 Gy increased expression of ICAM-1 and COX-2, but it did not affect expression of VCAM-1 or E-selectin. All the NSAIDs upregulated radiation-induced expression of ICAM-1 and COX-2. The extent of upregulation varied depending on the types of NSAIDs. Indomethacin, diclofenac, and meloxicam highly upregulated radiation-induced expression of ICAM-1 and COX-2. The extent of upregulation was not related to the degree of COX-2 selectivity. An NF-κB inhibitor BAY 11-7082 suppressed radiation-induced expression of ICAM-1, but it did not suppress upregulated expression of ICAM-1 or COX-2 by combination treatment with X-irradiation and meloxicam, suggesting the existence of NF-κB-independent pathways for ICAM-1 and COX-2 induction. Conclusion Indomethacin, diclofenac, and meloxicam highly upregulated radiation-induced expression of ICAM-1 and COX-2 in HUVECs, which suggests that use of these NSAIDs may increase the effects of ionizing radiation and affect the risk of MI after radiation exposure to the heart.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)847-852
ページ数6
ジャーナルBiochemical and biophysical research communications
479
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2016 10 28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生物理学
  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学
  • 細胞生物学

フィンガープリント

「NSAIDs diclofenac, indomethacin, and meloxicam highly upregulate expression of ICAM-1 and COX-2 induced by X-irradiation in human endothelial cells」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル