Novel matrix proteins of pteria penguin pearl oyster shell nacre homologous to the jacalin-related β-prism fold lectins

Takako Naganuma, Wataru Hoshino, Yukihiro Shikanai, Rie Sato, Kaiyue Liu, Saho Sato, Koji Muramoto, Makoto Osada, Kyosuke Yoshimi, Tomohisa Ogawa

研究成果: Article査読

15 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Nacreous layers of pearl oyster are one of the major functional biominerals. By participating in organic compound-crystal interactions, they assemble into consecutive mineral lamellae-like photonic crystals. Their biomineralization mechanisms are controlled by macromolecules; however, they are largely unknown. Here, we report two novel lectins termed PPL2A and PPL2B, which were isolated from the mantle and the secreted fluid of Pteria penguin oyster. PPL2A is a hetero-dimer composed of α and γ subunits, and PPL2B is a homo-dimer of β subunit, all of which surprisingly shared sequence homology with the jacalin-related plant lectin. On the basis of knockdown experiments at the larval stage, the identification of PPLs in the shell matrix, and in vitro CaCO3 crystallization analysis, we conclude that two novel jacalin-related lectins participate in the biomineralization of P. penguin nacre as matrix proteins. Furthermore, it was found that trehalose, which is specific recognizing carbohydrates for PPL2A and is abundant in the secreted fluid of P. penguin mantle, functions as a regulatory factor for biomineralization via PPL2A. These observations highlight the unique functions, diversity and molecular evolution of this lectin family involved in the mollusk shell formation.

本文言語English
論文番号e112326
ジャーナルPloS one
9
11
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2014 11 6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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