Due to the heterogeneous nature and electric anisotropy, it is challenging to establish a numerical model to analyze the electromagnetic properties of multilayer carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) laminate. In this study, we focus on the exploration of an effective electromagnetic modeling approach for calculation of eddy currents in CFRP laminate composite, as well as eddy current testing signals due to surface cracks. In order to prove the feasibility of modeling CFRP laminate with homogeneous anisotropic layers, the electrical parameters in the three directions are measured, and eddy current path in CFRP is investigated according to the measurement results. A finite element solver based on reduced magnetic vector potential (Ar) formulation and edge elements is developed to enable the eddy current simulation of anisotropic CFRP material, which avoids matching the discretization of source coils with the rest of conductor mesh, and can easily solve the field continuity problem in the interface between two adjacent fiber layers of CFRP laminate. The Ar formulation and way to calculate the eddy current testing signals are described. To validate of the developed simulation code, a comparison is conducted between the calculated signals and experimental results of thin-opening cracks in a CFRP test piece, which indicates the simulation code can predict eddy current testing signals with good precision.
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