Noninvasive detection of misfolded proteins in the brain using [11C]BF-227 PET

Nobuyuki Okamura, Shozo Furumoto, Manabu Tashiro, Katsutoshi Furukawa, Hiroyuki Arai, Yukitsuka Kudo, Kazuhiko Yanai

研究成果: Chapter

抄録

Alzheimer's disease (AD) and many other neurodegenerative disorders belong to the family of protein misfolding diseases. These diseases are characterized by the deposition of insoluble protein aggregates containing an enriched β-sheet structure. To evaluate PET amyloid-imaging tracer [11C]BF-227 as an agent for in vivo detection of various kinds of misfolded protein, a [11C]BF-227 PET study was performed in patients with various protein misfolding diseases, including AD, frontotemporal dementia (FTD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) and Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS). BF-227 binds to β-amyloid fibrils with high affinity. Most of the AD patients showed prominent retention of [11C]BF-227 in the neocortex. In addition, neocortical retention of BF-227 was observed in the subjects with mild cognitive impairment who converted to AD during follow-up. DLB patients had elevated [11C]BF-227 uptake in the neocortex. However, FTD and sCJD patients showed no cortical retention of [11C]BF-227. Patients with multiple system atrophy had elevated BF-227 binding in the putamen. Finally, GSS patients had elevated BF-227 uptake in the cerebellum and other brain regions. This chapter confirms that BF-227 can selectively bind to α-synuclein and prion protein deposits using postmortem brain samples. Based on these findings, [11C]BF-227 is not necessarily specific for β-amyloid in AD patients. However, this tracer could be used to detect various types of protein aggregates in the brain.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルEarly Detection and Rehabilitation Technologies for Dementia
ホスト出版物のサブタイトルNeuroscience and Biomedical Applications
出版社IGI Global
ページ212-219
ページ数8
ISBN(印刷版)9781609605599
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Professions(all)

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