Nitrogen ions (N2+) with 62 keV have been implanted into 100-nm-thick Ti films evaporated on thermally cleaned NaCl substrates. Unimplanted and N-implanted Ti films have been examined by transmission electron microscopy, Rutherford backscattering spectrometry and elastic recoil detection analysis. The analysis has provided evidence that N-implantation results in the epitaxial formation of NaCl-type TiNy and simultaneously induces the release of H from evaporated-Ti films containing TiHx. The nitriding of evaporated-Ti films is mainly divided into two elemental processes. One is accompanied by the hcp-fcc transformation and the other is not. The formation mechanism for TiNy is discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)